A blog to help electrical engineers and students to learn electrical engineering topics. Basic Electrical Engineering, Power Systems, Electrical Machines, tec.. Now special course on MATLAB for Beginners.

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Thursday, December 1, 2016

User Defined Functions in MATLAB - Part 1

User-defined functions are similar to the MATLAB predefined functions. A function is a MATLAB program that can accept inputs and produce outputs. A function can be called or executed by another program or function. Code for a function is done in an Editor window or any text editor same way as script and saved as m-file. The m-file must have the same name as the function.

It is important that you give meaningful variable names to variables inside a function that you write, so that you and others can understand what the function does. The function M-file must be saved in your current directory.


The declaration statement 'function' is used to define the file as a function. It must be typed in lower case letters. Rules for giving function name is same as the rules for variable names.
Input arguments are typed in side the parentheses ( ). They are used to transfer data into function from calling program. Can be zero or more input arguments. 
Output arguments are typed inside the square brackets [ ]. They are used to transfer data out of function to calling program. Can be zero or more output arguments. It is important to give a meaningful variable names.

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